Basic Front Crawl Stroke in Easy To Learn Parts

Is learning how to swim front crawl stroke something you have always wanted to be able to do well?  

How to swim front crawl stroke with perfect technique

Good news!  I have taken front crawl and broken it down into its separate elements, meaning you can look at each part in more detail.  

Front crawl is the fastest, most efficient swimming stroke.  It is also one of the most exhausting if your technique isn't right.  

By breaking the stroke down, I have simplified it so that you can use the parts you need to fine-tune your own swimming technique. 


Learn What Each Part of Your Body Should Be Doing to Maximise Your Front Crawl Stroke

For some specific exercises that focus on each part of the stroke, click here.


Front Crawl Demonstration

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12 Steps To Maximise Your Front Crawl Stroke

  1. The body must be kept horizontal, stretched and streamlined, with the face in the water and the eyes looking downwards and slightly forward.  
  2. The head leads the movement and only turns when a breath is taken.
  3. The leg kick is a continuous movement, originating at the hips and should be continuous and alternating. 
  4. Toes must be pointed pointed, ankles relaxed and the knees bend slightly.
  5. The feet make a small splash as they kick near the water surface.
  6. The finger tips lead the hand entry, entering the water at a point in front of the head, between the shoulder and centre line.  
  7. The hand catches the water, palm down and then accelerates through an S shape pathway the hip.
  8. The arm is taken back over the water in a pathway close to the body, with the head and near the water surface.
  9. There should be a breath out into the water as the arm pulls through and the head rolls to the side ready to take a breath in.
  10. Breathe inwards quickly as the arm recovers over the water surface and the face rolls back into the water as the hand enters.
  11. Each part of the stroke should compliment each other whilst maintaining a balanced and streamlined body position. 
  12. All actions must be smooth and continuous.

Take Your Front Crawl to the Next Level

If you're ready to swim the distance then dive in and grab a copy of my book 'How To Swim Front Crawl'. 

Swim front crawl stroke with enhanced and effective technique.

'How To Swim Front Crawl' offers detailed steps and illustrated instructions on how to perform each move of the front crawl smoothly and efficiently.

  It also includes exercises to help you strengthen your skills.  

Swim more laps than you ever imagined with enhanced and effective technique.   Get your copy TODAY or click here for more information.


Do You Make These Front Crawl Mistakes?

1.  Hold Your Breath - Holding your breath causes carbon dioxide levels in the blood to rise.  This results in a sudden and urgent need for oxygen.

Solution:  Exhaling gradually makes inhaling and getting more oxygen into the system much easier.

2.  Over Use of the Leg Kick - Over use of the leg kick in an attempt to gain more movement through the water, saps energy and over long distances can be exhausting.  

Solution:  learn proper arm and leg movements for this stroke.  The arm action generates almost all of the propulsion and is the most efficient arm action of all strokes.  The leg action promotes a horizontal, streamlined body position and balances the arm action but provides little propulsion.  


Front crawl stroke technique broken down and made easy to understand

Common Front Crawl Questions and Answers.

Got a problem with front crawl? Is there something about your technique you want to share? This is the place to do it!

What Other Visitors Have Asked and Said About Their Front Crawl

Click below to see contributions from other visitors to this page...

Why Do I Get So Tired Swimming Front Crawl? 
I have a question about breathing while doing front crawl. In the lane swim tonight I found out that several of us are having a similar problem -- ending …

Fix My Front Crawl Technique 
I need some tips on how to fix my front crawl technique. My hips sway back and forth while I swim front crawl. How can I fix this? There are two …

When I Use My Arms In The Front Crawl My Feet Stop Kicking Not rated yet
When I use my arms in the front crawl my feet stop kicking. Thanks for getting in touch. Your problem is a common one and it is a question of coordination. …

Breathless and Exhausted After Swimming 50 Metres Not rated yet
I am 68 years old and not very athletic. When I swim 50 metres I am very slow and when I get to the end I am breathless and exhausted. I have been taught …

I Lose My Front Crawl Technique When I Get Tired Not rated yet
I seem to lose my front crawl technique and my kicking when I get tired.The first ten lengths is ok but after that when I get tired its all gone. Please …

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I have never been able to move when kicking with a kick board. It’s got to be my leg kick. What can I do to correct this? This is very common, and …

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I had a question about my lost sense of smell after swimming for a long time. I enjoy swimming as much as possible, and for some reason, I seem to …

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As a 60-year-old tri who had left shoulder rotator cuff surgery 10-2011. I’m trying to restore front crawl balance after shoulder surgery. My balance …

Front Crawl Breathing and Arm Techniques Not rated yet
I have a problem with front crawl breathing and arm techniques. This is my third weeks of lessons by a tutor at my local pool, I just cannot grasp the …

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My daughters front crawl breathing technique needs some help. She must pass a lifeguard test to keep her job as a supervisor at a fitness centre. While …

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How do I learn to sustain front crawl for more than 2 lengths and swim for longer? Two factors will determine how long you can sustain front crawl …

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I need help with my front crawl kicking. I'm pretty new to the swimming thing but I know I'm using my arms to swim more than my legs and am prepared to …

Front Crawl Breathing Difficult Not rated yet
I am finding front crawl breathing difficult. I am a beginner and I have recently tried to do the front crawl, but am having a hard time with it. I would …

Front Crawl Technique Gets Me Out of Breath Not rated yet
I would like some swimming advice as my front crawl technique gets me out of breath. I've been active all my life. I've ran and cycled for many years. …

Incorrect Front Crawl Body Position Not rated yet
At 72 I learnt to swim last year and I am delighted. However, I have a problem incorrect front crawl body position. Apparently my legs drop down in …

Faster Kicks For Front Crawl Not rated yet
I am wondering if I should be doing faster kicks for front crawl? I'm now 53 yrs old and have been swimming since I was 7 years old. I swim 1.25km most …

Increasing Front Crawl Endurance and Front Crawl Speed Not rated yet
I am working on increasing front crawl endurance but still getting somewhat out of breath while breathing every 3rd stroke on opposite sides. I try to …

Correct Front Crawl Kicking Technique? Not rated yet
I just started with the swimming lessons, in the second class I had to practice kicking with the board but I couldn’t go forward regardless of the fast …

Front Crawl Coordination of Arms, Legs and Breathing Not rated yet
While doing front crawl I am unable to coordinate hand and leg movements properly. Can you suggest any simple tips for coordinating front crawl arms and …

Front Crawl Coordination Not rated yet
I need help with my front crawl coordination. The corodination between arms and feet is my problem. I use 4 kicks but seem to slow down when just kicking …

Front Crawl Hand Entry Not rated yet
I would like some advice for front crawl hand entry and front crawl breathing. I've recently started going swimming again after not going in roughly …

Sinking When Swimming Front Crawl Not rated yet
I find myself sinking when swimming front crawl. I'm able to float and also with push glide and leg action alone, manage some decent distance. But the …

Basic Front Crawl Swimming Tips Not rated yet
Could you give me some front crawl swimming tips please? I am just starting to swim and I'm having trouble with my front crawl. I feel like I'm wasting …

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