How To Swim Front Crawl With Ease and Confidence

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Need some help with how to swim front crawl?  Had enough of getting tired so quickly?  Good news!  I have taken front crawl and broken it down into its separate parts, meaning you can discover where you are going wrong and fine-tune your technique.    

Front crawl is the fastest, most efficient swimming stroke. It is also one of the most exhausting if your technique isn't correct. 

By breaking the stroke down, I have simplified it to use the parts you need to fine-tune your swimming technique. 

Learn What Each Part of Your Body Should Be Doing

How To Swim Front Crawl explained in 2 minutes...

12 Steps To Maximise Your Front Crawl Technique

1.  The body must be kept horizontal, stretched and streamlined, with the face in the water and the eyes looking downwards and slightly forward.

Front crawl body position showing a streamlined shape through the water

2.  The head leads the movement and only turns when a breath is taken.

3.  The leg kick is a continuous movement originating at the hips and should be constant and alternating. 

Front crawl leg kick with relaxed ankles and knees

4.  Toes must be pointed, ankles relaxed, and the knees bend slightly.

5. The feet make a small splash as they kick near the water surface.

6. The fingertips lead the hand entry, entering the water at a point in front of the head, between the shoulder and centre line. 

Front crawl arm action showing pull, elbow bend and recovery.

FREE EBOOK:  all of the technique tips here can be found in my 'Front Crawl Technique' book, along with a couple of bonus drills to help you perfect some essential parts of the stroke.

Don't miss out!  Click here to grab a FREE copy of my book. 

7. The hand catches the water, palm down, and then accelerates through the hip's creating an S shape pathway.

8. The arm is taken back over the water in a pathway close to the body, with the head and near the water surface.

9. There should be a breath out into the water as the arm pulls through and the head rolls to the side ready to take a breath in.

Front crawl breathing technique, rolling the head to the side.

10. Breathe inwards quickly as the arm recovers over the water surface, and the face rolls back into the water as the hand enters.

11. Each part of the stroke should complement each other whilst maintaining a balanced and streamlined body position. 

Front crawl stroke technique broken down and made easy to understand

12.  All actions must be smooth and continuous.

How To Swim Front Crawl - All the Drills You Need

If you're ready to swim the distance, dive in and grab a copy of my book that goes above and beyond...

'How To Swim Front Crawl' offers 22 fully illustrated drills with proven instructions on how to perform each one.

Click the button below and download a copy of my book today!

Swim front crawl stroke with enhanced and effective technique.


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Do You Make These Front Crawl Mistakes?

1. Hold Your Breath - Holding your breath causes carbon dioxide levels in the blood to rise. This results in a sudden and urgent need for oxygen. 

Solution: Exhaling slowly makes inhaling and getting more oxygen into the system much more manageable.

2. Over Use of the Leg Kick - Overuse of the leg kick in an attempt to gain more movement through the water, saps energy, and over long distances can be exhausting. 

Solution: learn proper arm and leg movements for this stroke. The arm action generates almost all of the propulsion and is the most efficient arm action of all strokes. The leg action promotes a horizontal, streamlined body position and balances the arm action but provides little propulsion. 


Fine-tune your technique and iron out those common mistakes by trying out some basic front crawl drills.  Click here to check them out.  

Not Moving When Kicking With A Kick Board.  'I have never been able to move when kicking with a kick board. It’s got to be my leg kick. What can I do to correct this?'

Problem Swimming And Not Moving When Kicking Your Legs? 'I've been having swimming lessons for the last 8 weeks now, my problem is that I am swimming and not moving.'

Swimming For Longer Distances Without Getting Out Of Breath. 'How do I learn to sustain front crawl for more than 2 lengths and swim for longer?'

Swimming With Arms And Legs Together. 'I have a problem swimming with arms and legs together. I have been trying to swim but with little progress.'

Increasing Front Crawl Endurance And Front Crawl Speed. 'I am working on increasing front crawl endurance but still getting somewhat out of breath while breathing every 3rd stroke on opposite sides.'

Basic Front Crawl Swimming Tips. 'I am just starting to swim, and I'm having trouble with my front crawl. I feel like I'm wasting a massive amount of energy for not a lot of benefit.'

Front Crawl Coordination Of Arms, Legs And Breathing. 'While doing front crawl, I am unable to coordinate hand and leg movements properly.'

Why Do I Get Tired Swimming Front Crawl? 'I have a question about breathing while doing front crawl. In the lane swim tonight, I found out that several of us are having a similar problem...'

Sinking When Swimming Front Crawl. 'I find myself sinking when swimming front crawl. I'm able to float and also, with push glide and leg action alone, manage some decent distance.'

Front Crawl Hand Entry. 'I would like some advice for front crawl hand entry and front crawl breathing.'

Front Crawl Coordination. 'I need help with my front crawl coordination. The coordination between arms and feet is my problem.'

Correct Front Crawl Kicking Technique? 'I just started with the swimming lessons; in the second class, I had to practice kicking with the board, but I couldn’t go forward regardless of the fast and hard I kicked.'

Faster Kicks For Front Crawl. 'I am wondering if I should be doing faster kicks for front crawl? I'm now 53 yrs old and have been swimming since I was 7 years old.'

Incorrect Front Crawl Body Position. 'I have a problem incorrect front crawl body position. Apparently my legs drop down in the water behind me and try as I might I cannot keep a level profile.'

Front Crawl Technique Gets Me Out of Breath. 'I would like some swimming advice as my front crawl technique gets me out of breath. I've been active all my life. I've run and cycled for many years. I am 56 yrs old.'

Front Crawl Breathing Difficult. 'I am finding front crawl breathing difficult. I am a beginner, and I have recently tried to do the front crawl, but am having a hard time with it.'

Common Front Crawl Questions and Answers.

Got a problem with front crawl? Is there something about your technique you want to share? This is the place to do it!

What Other Visitors Have Asked and Said About Their Front Crawl

Click below to see contributions from other visitors to this page...

When I Use My Arms In The Front Crawl My Feet Stop Kicking Not rated yet
When I use my arms in the front crawl my feet stop kicking. Thanks for getting in touch. Your problem is a common one and it is a question of coordination. …

Breathless and Exhausted After Swimming 50 Metres Not rated yet
I am 68 years old and not very athletic. When I swim 50 metres I am very slow and when I get to the end I am breathless and exhausted. I have been taught …

I Lose My Front Crawl Technique When I Get Tired Not rated yet
I seem to lose my front crawl technique and my kicking when I get tired.The first ten lengths is ok but after that when I get tired its all gone. Please …

Lost Sense Of Smell After Swimming Not rated yet
I had a question about my lost sense of smell after swimming for a long time. I enjoy swimming as much as possible, and for some reason, I seem to …

Restore Front Crawl Balance After Shoulder Surgery Not rated yet
As a 60-year-old tri who had left shoulder rotator cuff surgery 10-2011. I’m trying to restore front crawl balance after shoulder surgery. My balance …

Front Crawl Breathing and Arm Techniques Not rated yet
I have a problem with front crawl breathing and arm techniques. This is my third weeks of lessons by a tutor at my local pool, I just cannot grasp the …

Front Crawl Breathing Technique Not rated yet
My daughters front crawl breathing technique needs some help. She must pass a lifeguard test to keep her job as a supervisor at a fitness centre. While …

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