› basic swimming strokes

Basic Swimming Strokes

Discover what each part of your body should be doing

Basic swimming strokes can be made easy by breaking them down into their component parts.

Practicing exercises that focus on specific areas such as body position, breathing, leg kick or arm action, can help to fine-tune those areas and bring together smoother and a more efficient swimming technique.

the swimming strokes book

Always wanted to swim better front crawl? Like to be able to swim smooth breaststroke? Need to improve your backstroke? Always wanted to learn butterfly stroke?  Read on...

For a detailed in-depth look at learning and improving the four basic strokes, including over 80 simple practical exercises download 'The Swimming Strokes Book'.


Basic Front Crawl Technique

Power and propulsion comes from the arm action and the leg kick balances, giving a smooth continuous movement through the water.  The efficiency comes from maintaining a flat, streamlined body position. 

Basic Front Crawl Technique

Mistakes are made and tiredness kicks in when poor arm action or incorrect timing and coordination compromise the body position.

Common mistakes can be ironed out when each part of front crawl is practiced individually and then the stroke is pieced back together.

Click on a stroke part below for a more in-depth detailed look.


Basic Breaststroke Technique

Breaststroke is the most inefficient of the four basic strokes.  This is due to the wide arm pull and angled body position cause frontal resistance, making the stroke slow.

Basic Breaststroke Technique

An effective glide between each arm pull and leg kick give breaststroke its efficiency and ease of movement through the water.  A powerful whip kick is needed to give the stroke drive and momentum and absence of this is the most common mistake.

Click on a stroke part below for a more in-depth detailed look.


Basic Backstroke Technique

Backstroke has a similar body position and efficiency as front crawl.  The body is flat and streamlined in the water and the continuous arm and leg action provide the power and drive.

Basic Backstroke Technique

The most common mistake in backstroke swimmers is a lack of an effective leg kick, causing the legs to sink, which then compromises the overall body position.

Click on a stroke part below for a more in-depth detailed look.


Basic Butterfly Stroke Technique

Butterfly is rarely swum recreationally and is most commonly seen being performed competitively.  

Basic Butterfly Stroke Technique

Basic butterfly stroke requires tremendous upper body strength and a powerful leg kicking action. This is arguably the most difficult of the four basic strokes to learn due to its physical nature. It can however be learnt when it is broken down and each part is practiced individually.

Click on a stroke part below for a more in-depth detailed look.


Which Of The Basic Swimming Strokes Do You Need Help With?

Click on a swimming stroke for more information.

New! Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.